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Periodontics

Periodontics

Periodontics is a specialized dentistry field focusing on the gums and jawbone. Dentists treat mild gum disease, but periodontists handle advanced conditions.
There are four phases of gum disease:
• Gingivitis
Gingivitis is a gum inflammation caused by a buildup of plaque, or bacteria, on the teeth. It is the only type of gum disease that’s reversible, because the jawbone hasn’t been injured.
• Early Periodontitis
Untreated gingivitis will turn into periodontitis. At this stage, the disease irreversibly spreads to the jawbone and begins eroding it, increasing the possibility of tooth loss.
• Moderate
If you have moderate periodontal disease, your gums visibly recede, accompanied by an unpleasant-smelling discharge. Your teeth will loosen and wobble.
• Advanced
At this stage of periodontitis, bacteria have dramatically invaded the jawbone. This will cause tooth loss, drastically receding gums and extreme sensitivity to hot and cold. Even worse, the bacteria could travel through your entire body and cause a heart attack, diabetes or stroke.
There are several treatment options, depending on the seriousness of the gum disease:
• Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and root planing are two procedures performed simultaneously. During scaling, your periodontist removes plaque above and deep under the gum line. Next, root planing is performed. This dentistry technique smooths out the tooth’s roots so that the gum can reconnect with them.
• Bone Grafts
Synthetic bone or parts of your own bone will replace parts of your jawbone that have succumbed to periodontitis. This prompts bone growth in areas where it has been depleted.
• Gum Grafts
The most common type of gum graft is a connective graft. During this procedure, a small section of skin is opened in the roof of your mouth, and a portion of tissue is removed and sewn to the area lacking it.
• Pedicle Graft
During this procedure, your doctor will pull a portion of tissue over the receding part of your gums.
If gum disease is caught early, a professional cleaning is all that is necessary to keep it from worsening.

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Periodontics

We are dedicated to providing you with outstanding service through cutting-edge equipment and techniques. At Universal Dentistry we handle all phases of Periodontics.

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